Welcome to my website. I'm a Post Doctoral Researcher at the Erasmus School of Economics, Rotterdam. My research is in the fields of Applied Microeconometrics, Family Economics and Labour Economics. My current research focuses on the interaction between family investment and child human capital development. 


I received my BSc in Economics and Finance from the University of Bologna (2012), and a MSc in Economics from the University of Bologna (2015) and my PhD in Economics at the University of York (2019).

You can find my full CV here. 

Contact details:

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Erasmus School of Economics

3062PA, Rotterdam (Netherlands) 

Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Children’s Dynamic Skill Accumulation: Evidence from a UK Longitudinal Study
(joint with Anderberg D.) Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Volume 36, Issue 4, Winter 2020, Pages 783–815
TI Discussion Paper CESifo Working Paper 

Children are increasingly recognized as secondary victims of intimate partner violence. This paper uses a unique UK longitudinal child development survey to study the relationship between verbal and physical abuse experienced by mothers and children's development up to the age of seven. Estimating production functions for cognitive, social, and socio-emotional skills we find that exposure during pre-school years has a quantitatively important negative effect on socio-emotional skills among toddlers and negatively affects cognitive and social skills after age three. The estimated impact on cognitive development is consistent with measures of cognitive skills based on school-based tests.

Working Papers/ Work in progress
Child Socio-emotional Skills: The role of parental inputs  

(joint with Nicoletti C. and Tominey E.) IZA Working Paper HCEO Working Paper (Under Review)

Informed by the psychological literature and our empirical evidence we provide new insights on the technology of socio-emotional skill formation in middle childhood. We confirm existing evidence that increasing parental inputs that enrich the child home environment and reduce stress has larger returns for children with higher socio-emotional skills in early childhood (complementarity), but only for level of inputs that are large. For low level of inputs, i.e. implying a stressful home environment, an increase has a higher return for children with lower socio-emotional skills in early childhood (substitutability), meaning that well targeted policies can reduce middle childhood socio-emotional gaps.

Media Coverage: RES Media Briefings,

Cohabiting Parents at Childbirth: Does it matter for children educational outcomes?

(joint with Nicoletti C., Salvanes K.G. , Tominey E.) 

The US and European countries have experienced dramatic changes in family formation in recent decades, with a sharp increase in parental cohabitation over time. Whether parental cohabitation - as opposed to marriage - has positive or negative effect on children educational outcomes remains an open question. We use Norwegian administrative data to estimate the causal impact of parental cohabitation at birth on children
educational outcomes at age 11, 14 and 15. We identify the causal impact of cohabitation by adopting the partially overlapping peer group approach, whereby parental cohabitation is instrumented with their peers of peers cohabitation decision. We find a statistically  significant negative impact of cohabitation on children outcomes between 14% and 26% of a SD. In a MTE framework we discover that there is reverse selection on gains - both based on observables and unobservables - whereby parents who select into cohabitation are those whose children are more likely to be damaged from it. Our results are consistent with the evidence that commitment - typically characterizing married couples - allows for optimal investment into children.

Explaining Divorce Gaps in Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills of Children 
DERS Working paper 

To what extent does parental selection into divorce explain the gap in skills between children of intact and disrupted families? Using the UK Millennium Cohort Study this paper shows that the disadvantage in skills typically found among children of divorce mainly reflects the selection effect, whereby more disadvantaged parents are more likely to divorce. Decomposing children's cognitive and noncognitive skills up until age 11, evidence indicates that pre-divorce characteristics, namely parents' education, family financial resources and interparental conflicts are the most important factors accounting for the divorce gaps in children's skills, implying a negligible impact of divorce itself. Interparental conflicts are often neglected in the literature but are shown to play a major role particularly for noncognitive skills of children. These results suggest that to reduce the disadvantage in skills among children of divorce, interventions targeting these pre-divorce characteristics would be potentially more effective than policies discouraging divorce.


Media Coverage: RES Media Briefings The Times  The Telegraph iNews 

Turning back the clock: Beliefs in gender norms during lockdown
(joint with Boring A.)
We study the impact of lockdown measures on beliefs regarding gender norms. We collect data from a representative sample of 1,000 individuals in France during the first COVID-19 lockdown in 2020. To measure beliefs in gender norms, we use questions from the European Values Study, and match respondents from the two surveys to compare beliefs before and during lockdown. We find evidence that the first lockdown was associated with a shift towards more traditional beliefs in gender norms. The effect is mainly driven by men and individuals who were the most time constrained during lockdown: individuals with young children living in the household. We also find evidence that is consistent with a \conservative shift" hypothesis: beliefs in traditional gender roles increase more for individuals from economically vulnerable groups. Overall, our results suggest that there is no ratchet effect regarding beliefs in gender norms: when there is a reversal in the conditions that enable individuals to believe in equal gender norms (such as the ability to outsource household production or economic stability), individuals shift their beliefs towards less equal gender norms. 
Multigenerational Effects of Unemployment Insurance Reform
(joint with Been J., Gielen A., Knoef M.)


Publications pre-PhD


Giarda, E., Moroni, G. (2018) The Degree of Poverty Persistence and the Role of Regional Disparities in Italy in Comparison with France, Spain and the UK, Social Indicators Research, 136(1), 163-202.

Teaching ​​


  • Public Economics, University of Bologna


  • Applied Economics III, University of York

  •  Economics II: Microeconomics, University of York


  • Seminar Cases in Policy Evaluation, Erasmus School of Economics


  • Applied Econometrics, Erasmus School of Economics

  • Seminar Cases in Policy Evaluation, Erasmus School of Economics


Conferences and Invited Seminars


  • CPB, Invited seminar, The Hague

  • Care for Children and Children Outcomes - Reserach Workshop, London


  • EALE, European Association of Labour Economists, Uppsala

  • SOLE, Society for Labour Economists, Arlington (US)

  • RES, Royal Economic Society, Warwick


  • EALE, European Association of Labour Economists, Lyon

  • WOLFE, Workshop on Labour and Family Economics, York 

  • SSSI, Summer School on Socioeconomic Inequality (HCEO), Bonn

  • IWAEE, International Workshop on Applied Economics of Education, Catanzaro

  • RES Junior Symposium, Brighton

  • NCDS 60 years of our lives, London


  • FMA, Family Mediators Association, York

  • ESPE, European Society for Population Economics, Glasgow

  • RES, Royal Economic Society Conference, Bristol

  • SMYE, Spring Meeting for Young Economist, Halle


  • IRNEP, Interdisciplinary Network Economics and Philosophy, York

  • WOLFE, Workshop in Labour and Family Economics, York