Welcome to my website. I'm a Post Doctoral Researcher at the Erasmus School of Economics, Rotterdam. My research is in the fields of Applied Microeconometrics, Family Economics and Labour Economics. My current research focuses on the interaction between family investment and child human capital development.
I received my BSc in Economics and Finance from the University of Bologna (2012), and a MSc in Economics from the University of Bologna (2015) and my PhD in Economics at the University of York (2019).
You can find my full CV here.
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus School of Economics
3062PA, Rotterdam (Netherlands)
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Children’s Dynamic Skill Accumulation: Evidence from a UK Longitudinal Study
(joint with Anderberg D.) Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Volume 36, Issue 4, Winter 2020, Pages 783–815
Children are increasingly recognized as secondary victims of intimate partner violence. This paper uses a unique UK longitudinal child development survey to study the relationship between verbal and physical abuse experienced by mothers and children's development up to the age of seven. Estimating production functions for cognitive, social, and socio-emotional skills we find that exposure during pre-school years has a quantitatively important negative effect on socio-emotional skills among toddlers and negatively affects cognitive and social skills after age three. The estimated impact on cognitive development is consistent with measures of cognitive skills based on school-based tests.
Working Papers/ Work in progress
Child Socio-emotional Skills: The role of parental inputs
Informed by the psychological literature and our empirical evidence we provide new insights on the technology of socio-emotional skill formation in middle childhood. We confirm existing evidence that increasing parental inputs that enrich the child home environment and reduce stress has larger returns for children with higher socio-emotional skills in early childhood (complementarity), but only for level of inputs that are large. For low level of inputs, i.e. implying a stressful home environment, an increase has a higher return for children with lower socio-emotional skills in early childhood (substitutability), meaning that well targeted policies can reduce middle childhood socio-emotional gaps.
Cohabiting Parents at Childbirth: Does it matter for children educational outcomes?
(joint with Nicoletti C., Salvanes K.G. , Tominey E.)
The US and European countries have experienced dramatic changes in family formation in recent decades, with a sharp increase in parental cohabitation over time. Whether parental cohabitation - as opposed to marriage - has positive or negative effect on children educational outcomes remains an open question. We use Norwegian administrative data to estimate the causal impact of parental cohabitation at birth on children
educational outcomes at age 11, 14 and 15. We identify the causal impact of cohabitation by adopting the partially overlapping peer group approach, whereby parental cohabitation is instrumented with their peers of peers cohabitation decision. We find a statistically significant negative impact of cohabitation on children outcomes between 14% and 26% of a SD. In a MTE framework we discover that there is reverse selection on gains - both based on observables and unobservables - whereby parents who select into cohabitation are those whose children are more likely to be damaged from it. Our results are consistent with the evidence that commitment - typically characterizing married couples - allows for optimal investment into children.
To what extent does parental selection into divorce explain the gap in skills between children of intact and disrupted families? Using the UK Millennium Cohort Study this paper shows that the disadvantage in skills typically found among children of divorce mainly reflects the selection effect, whereby more disadvantaged parents are more likely to divorce. Decomposing children's cognitive and noncognitive skills up until age 11, evidence indicates that pre-divorce characteristics, namely parents' education, family financial resources and interparental conflicts are the most important factors accounting for the divorce gaps in children's skills, implying a negligible impact of divorce itself. Interparental conflicts are often neglected in the literature but are shown to play a major role particularly for noncognitive skills of children. These results suggest that to reduce the disadvantage in skills among children of divorce, interventions targeting these pre-divorce characteristics would be potentially more effective than policies discouraging divorce.
The impact of lockdown on beliefs in gender norms
(joint with Boring A.)
We conduct a survey in France on a representative sample of 1,000 individuals to study whether and how the lockdown has changed individual beliefs regarding gender norms. Using questions from the European Values Survey, we find evidence that the lockdown is associated with a shift towards more traditional beliefs regarding gender roles. The change we observe is mainly driven by men. We explore two mechanisms through which some men may have shifted towards less gender equal beliefs: (i) increase in time constraints for couples that were unable to outsource childcare and housework during lockdown, and (ii) increase in economic uncertainty. Our results suggest that the increase in more traditional beliefs in gender roles are mainly driven by men with kids, as well as by individuals from more economically vulnerable groups (lower education and lower income). We also find some evidence of a mother’s guilt effect for women whose male partners ended-up taking more time to take care of children during lockdown.
Multigenerational Effects of Unemployment Insurance Reform
(joint with Been J., Gielen A., Knoef M.)
Giarda, E., Moroni, G. (2018) The Degree of Poverty Persistence and the Role of Regional Disparities in Italy in Comparison with France, Spain and the UK, Social Indicators Research, 136(1), 163-202.
Public Economics, University of Bologna
Applied Economics III, University of York
Economics II: Microeconomics, University of York
Seminar Cases in Policy Evaluation, Erasmus School of Economics
Applied Econometrics, Erasmus School of Economics
Seminar Cases in Policy Evaluation, Erasmus School of Economics
Conferences and Invited Seminars
CPB, Invited seminar, The Hague
Care for Children and Children Outcomes - Reserach Workshop, London
EALE, European Association of Labour Economists, Uppsala
SOLE, Society for Labour Economists, Arlington (US)
RES, Royal Economic Society, Warwick
EALE, European Association of Labour Economists, Lyon
WOLFE, Workshop on Labour and Family Economics, York
SSSI, Summer School on Socioeconomic Inequality (HCEO), Bonn
IWAEE, International Workshop on Applied Economics of Education, Catanzaro
RES Junior Symposium, Brighton
NCDS 60 years of our lives, London
FMA, Family Mediators Association, York
ESPE, European Society for Population Economics, Glasgow
RES, Royal Economic Society Conference, Bristol
SMYE, Spring Meeting for Young Economist, Halle
IRNEP, Interdisciplinary Network Economics and Philosophy, York
WOLFE, Workshop in Labour and Family Economics, York